Cracking The “Periodic Table Of Elements” Using Mnemonic Technique


As a student, I found it very difficult to memorise the Periodic Table Of Elements in Chemistry course.

Periodic table has been very cautiously designed, considering or arranging all the elements, that exist on the earth, in the increasing order of their Atomic Numbers.

Elements have been recognised ROW-WISE which are called PERIODS (1 to 7). GROUPS 1 to18 have been marked COLUMN- WISE also. Among these, a few Groups show many common properties like the Boron family, Carbon family, Nitrogen family, Oxygen family, Fluorine family, Inert gases etc.

I have tried to figure out the easiest way of sequential remembering of the “names of elements” in the Periodic Table, which I found to be the “Mnemonic” technique.

The beauty of the Mnemonics that I have created is as follows :-

• They make minimal use of helping verbs, prepositions, articles, etc.
• They mostly include words (in Mnemonic) which follow the sound of the element (word) in consideration.
• Common names (wherever approved) of elements have been considered like iron, copper, gold, silver, etc.
• As far as possible, at least the first two letters of the words used in Mnemonics are the beginning letters of the elements ; somewhere even three letters match with the names of the elements.
• Use of names of ‘animals’ in Mnemonics make them interesting to read. At the same time, it aims at Multi- disciplinary approach by connecting Chemistry with Biology.
Periodic Table Of Elements (Photo credit – Pixabay)

Period 1 & 2

It includes the following elements :-

H He Li Be B C N O F Ne

They signify Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon respectively.

Mnemonic for Period 1 & 2

Hydra Heats Liver, Berries Both; Carries Nitrogen,Oxygen; Floats Nervously.

Period 3

It includes the following elements :-

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar

They signify Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon respectively.

Mnemonic for Period 3

Soda Magically Alters Silicon-city’s Photo Shop’s Classic Arrangement.

Period 4

It includes the following elements:-

K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr

They signify Potassium, Calcium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton respectively.

Mnemonic for Period 4

Potbellied Cat Scrubbed Till Vandy Cracked Mangoes. Irritated Cowboy Nipped Currants. Zika Gulped Germs As Selfish Brother Krafts.

Period 5

It includes the following elements:-

Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe

They signify Rubidium, Strontium, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine, Xenon respectively.

Mnemonic for Period 5

Ruby Straddled Yellow Zebra in Nairobi, Mopped Techie’s Rug in Rome. Plump, Silver- tongued Caddie’s Indecent Tinseltown Auntie Telecasted Idiot Xiang.

Period 6

It includes the following elements:-

Cs Ba La Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn

They signify Caesium, Barium, Lanthanum, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine, Radon respectively.

Mnemonic for Period 6

Case of Baboon’s Lantern, Handed-over to Tarantula, was Truly Resisted by Ostrich, Irrespective of Platinum, Gold Matters of Thefts in Leeds. Bills & Policies attracted Radio-news.

Home Assignment for Readers:-

Now, hope you got enough motivated to create your own Mnemonic for LANTHANIDES & ACTINIDES series & PERIOD 7.

Published by Poonam Singh

Educator with a penchant for Science

6 thoughts on “Cracking The “Periodic Table Of Elements” Using Mnemonic Technique

  1. I wish this Mnemotechnic, art of memory was taught in our school. Good work 👌 Excited to see some more such blogs.

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